Let’s start with a short history lesson.
In 1938, a revised version of the Fair Labor Standards Act was passed that adopted an eight-hour day and a forty-hour workweek and allowed workers to earn wage for an extra four hours of overtime as well. According to the act, workers must be paid minimum wage and overtime pay must be one-and-a-half times regular pay. Children under eighteen cannot do certain dangerous jobs, and children under sixteen cannot work in manufacturing or mining, or during school hours.
Why would Congress pass a law regarding children and what jobs they can do and when? Historically, children were used in factories in jobs that required being able to fit in tight spaces, or their small hands could do work adults couldn’t. Children worked in mines doing the jobs that didn’t require the strength of an adult. How could their parents allow this? Many of them were working alongside their parents.
For real pictures from those times, click here http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/childlabor
Today’s young people have a great deal of protection from the law regarding when they can work, their work breaks, and their working conditions – to the point that if you are under 15 years of age – it’s very difficult to find work.
Which is actually the subject of our blog this month – Everybody says I’m too young!
Here’s some of the things an employer in Texas must consider if they are going to hire someone under 18: